With over 6.3 crore registered entities and a contribution of over 30 p.c in India’s Gross Home Product, the contribution of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) is big each in quantitative in addition to qualitative phrases. The MSME sector shouldn’t be new to challenges and hardships, however the latest Coronavirus pandemic has hit on the very core.
Lakhs of artisans, employees, and weavers are discovering it tough to deal with the sudden drop in demand, social distancing restrictions, collection of lockdowns and empty coffers. Vikas Gupta, CEO, Greyweave.com shares his data on the affect of Coronavirus on the MSME sector, and suggests a method to cope with the resurgent wave.
“First Coronavirus wave and its affect
In keeping with a latest survey by Dun and Bradstreet, out of the 250 surveyed MSMEs, 82 p.c accepted that the Coronavirus disaster had a vastly damaging impact on their enterprise actions. When a nationwide lockdown was imposed in March 2021, the MSME sector skilled a sudden halt of manufacturing items, virtually zero sourcing of uncooked materials, scarcity of working capital, abysmally low demand and a mass exodus of employees in direction of their hometowns. MSME items associated to manufacturing, textiles, weaving and spinning and the agriculture sector had been impacted badly. If a report by the Reserve Financial institution of India is believed, the MSME phase is of the 5 most badly affected sectors of the financial system because of the Coronavirus.
Nevertheless, after the nationwide lockdown was over, the Union Authorities offered a slew of facilitative measures for handholding the aggrieved sector. The ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ bundle, to the tune of Rs 3 lakh crore, offered much-needed liquidity assist to the MSMEs. This stimulus was geared toward offering collateral-free automated loans to the MSME, and it ensured extra working capital assist to the industries. Along with this, the World Financial institution additionally offered focused financial assist of $ 750 million to the MSME sector battered by the COVID-19 pandemic.
On the again of those supportive measures, the MSME sector was nicely on the trail to a gradual restoration and was hopeful of getting again on its toes by the year-end 2020. Nevertheless, the resurgent pandemic and quickly growing instances throughout India has exacerbated the fears of a deadlier and extra profound affect within the 12 months 2021.
The Second wave
The 12 months 2021 began on a constructive be aware, and the tip of the Coronavirus pandemic was in sight because the restriction was eased and the provision traces had been virtually absolutely restored. Nevertheless, the resurgent Coronavirus in a extra deadly and lethal kind has elevated the apprehensions of far higher results than the earlier 12 months. If a report by the Worldwide Labour Organisation is believed, over 400 million folks engaged within the casual financial system in India are at an elevated threat of poverty and a serious chunk of this group is or was engaged within the MSME sector.
Sectoral lockdowns, closure of commercial actions, ban on the gathering of individuals, software of Part 144 (limiting the motion of individuals), the second mass exodus of employees and restriction on enterprise hours has had the whole MSME sector worrying. The cruel restrictions, strict social distancing norms, permission to work at half of the overall capability, constrained provide chains and rising enter prices will push an unlimited variety of MSMEs to the restrict of eventual closure.
The repetition of employees migration and availability of working capital coupled with dismal demand are the urgent challenges for the MSME sector amid the second wave of COVID-19.
The Authorities initiatives
Aside from the facilitative ‘Atmanirbhar Bundle’ introduced final 12 months, the Reserve Financial institution of India has introduced periodic mortgage moratorium, relaxed working capital financing and deferred curiosity fee on working capital with out asset classification downgrade. In Might 2021, the RBI has prolonged the mortgage moratorium facility to these individuals and enterprise entities who had not availed of the ability within the 12 months 2020. Many public sector banks have introduced emergency credit score traces for the MSME sector at diminished rates of interest.
Within the wake of the Coronavirus affect on the MSME sector, the Small Industries Growth Board of India (SIDBI) has facilitated a concessional mortgage on the fee of 5 p.c for emergency assist to the whole MSME sector. Such loans can be collateral-free and can be made out there inside 48 hours. The MSME sector can avail of those amenities to remain afloat. They need to take a look at chopping the working expenditure and discover various markets as soon as the restrictions are lifted.
Along with this, the Authorities has launched delayed GST funds with none curiosity or penalties.
Nevertheless, the second wave has introduced with it an unlimited degree of uncertainties. Amid the second wave, the scientific group is indicating in direction of a 3rd wave.
Regardless of each effort, the restoration cycle of the financial system basically and the MSME sector can be coterminous with the mass vaccination drive, taming of the deadly virus sustainably, and gradual opening up of the market in addition to demand. The Authorities would do nicely to repeatedly present credit score assist and handhold the sector in difficult occasions.”